Troubleshooting#

Several errors may arise during compilation, linking, or regular usage. A list of the most common issue, and how to solve them, is provided here.


Permission Denied#

During make install, your OS may notify you that it was unable to write to a folder due to missing permissions. To fix this, either run make install as sudo (or as administrator on Windows), or specify a different folder (using -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX) for which jluna or cmake does have write/read permission.

Unable to detect the Julia executable#

When calling:

# in ~/Desktop/jluna/build
cmake .. #-DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=<compiler> -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<path>

(Where the commented out arguments are set as detailed in the section on configuring cmake.)

You may encounter the following error:

CMake Error at cmake/find/FindJulia.cmake:5 (message):
  Unable to detect the Julia executable.  Make sure JULIA_BINDIR is set
  correctly.

This error appears, because jluna was unable to locate the Julia package on your system. To make jluna aware of the location manually, you can pass the following variable to the cmake command:

cmake .. -DJULIA_BINDIR=path/to/your/julia/bin #-DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=<compiler> -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<path>

Where path/to/your/julia/bin is the path of the binary directory of your Julia image. If you are unsure of its location, you can execute

# in Julia
println(Sys.BINDIR)

From inside the Julia REPL, which will print the correct directory to the console.

Found unsuitable version#

During the cmake configuration step, the following error may appear:

CMake Error at /home/(...)/FindPackageHandleStandardArgs.cmake:218 (message):
  Could NOT find Julia: Found unsuitable version "1.5.1", but required is at
  least "1.7.0" (found /home/clem/Applications/julia/lib/libjulia.so)

Where 1.5.1 could instead be any version before 1.7.0. This means your Julia version is out of date, either update it through your packet manager or download the latest version here, install it, then make sure JULIA_BINDIR is pointing to the newer version.

Could NOT find Julia (missing: X)#

Where X can be any of :

  • JULIA_LIBRARY

  • JULIA_EXECUTABLE

  • JULIA_BINDIR

  • JULIA_INCLUDE_DIR

This means that either JULIA_BINDIR was not set correctly, or the directory it is pointing to is not the Julia binary directory. Verify that the value of JULIA_BINDIR starts at root (/ on unix and C:/ on Windows), ends in /bin, and that your julia image folder is uncompressed.

Make sure the folder JULIA_BINDIR points to, has the following layout:

julia*/
    bin/
       julia 
    include/
        julia/
            julia.h
            (...)
    lib/
        libjulia.so
        (...)
    
    (...)

Where

  • * may be a version suffix, such as julia-1.7.2

  • libjulia.so may have a different file extension on Windows

Cannot find <julia.h> / <jluna.hpp>#

The following error may appear when compiling your library:

fatal error: julia.h: No such file or directory
    3 | #include <julia.h>
      |          ^~~~~~~~~
compilation terminated.

or, similarly:

fatal error: jluna.hpp: No such file or directory
    3 | #include <jluna.hpp>
      |          ^~~~~~~~~~~
compilation terminated.

This means the include_directories in your CMakeLists.txt were set improperly. Make sure the following lines are present in your CMakeLists.txt:

target_include_directories(<your target> PRIVATE
    "<path to jluna>" 
    "<path to julia>"
)

Where

  • <your target> is the build target, a library or executable

  • <path to jluna> is the install path of the jluna shared library, as specified via CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX during configuration

  • <path to julia> is the location of julia.h, usually ${JULIA_BINDIR}/../include or ${JULIA_BINDIR}/../include/julia

See the official CMake documentation for more information.

Cannot find libjluna#

When calling

jluna::initialize()

The following error may appear:

AssertionError: when trying to initialize jluna.cppcall: cannot find /home/Desktop/jluna/libjluna.so
Stacktrace:
 [1] verify_library()
   @ Main.jluna.cppcall ./none:951
 [2] top-level scope
   @ none:2
[JULIA][ERROR] initialization failed.
terminate called after throwing an instance of 'jluna::JuliaException'
  what():  [JULIA][EXCEPTION] AssertionError("[JULIA][ERROR] initialization failed.")

signal (6): Aborted

To allow the jluna initialized Julia state to interact with the library, the Julia part of jluna needs to know where to find the jluna shared library, libjluna.so, you compiled earlier. If this error occurs, it means Julia was unable to do so. To address this, you can manually specify the path to the shared library during jluna::initialize:

// initialize with manually set path
jluna::initialize(
    1,        // number of threads
    false,    // should logging be disabled
    "/path/to/libjluna.so" // path to jluna shared library
);

Where /path/to/libjluna.so is the absolute path to the jluna shared library. Note that, on Windows, the library may instead be named libjluna.lib, jluna.dll, etc., depending on your cmake environment. If you are unsure of where to find the library, it will be installed into the directory of CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX specified earlier.

error: concept does not name a type#

When compiling a target that includes jluna, the following compiler error may occur:

/home/clem/Workspace/jluna/include/typedefs.hpp:90:5: error: ‘concept’ does not name a type
   90 |     concept to_julia_type_convertable = requires(T)
      |     ^~~~~~~

This indicates that you have not configured your compiler to utilize C++20, or your compiler is out of date. After verifying you are using g++-10 (or newer), clang++-12 (or newer) or MSVC 19.32 (or newer), make sure the following line is present in your CMakeLists.txt:

target_compile_features(<your target> PRIVATE cxx_std_20)

Where <your target> is the name of your compile target, such as an executable or library. See the official cmake documentation, for more information.

Segmentation fault in expression starting at none:0#

When calling jluna::initialize, or any other jluna function, the following error may occur:

[JULIA][LOG] initialization successful (1 thread(s)).

signal (11): Segmentation fault
in expression starting at none:0
Allocations: 1619712 (Pool: 1618782; Big: 930); GC: 1

Process finished with exit code 139 (interrupted by signal 11: SIGSEGV)

Where the above is the entirety of the console output. This error means that you tried to access jluna or the Julia C-API from inside a C-side thread that was not master (the thread main is executed in). Unrelated to jluna, the C-API disallows this. It will always trigger a crash when accessed concurrently. Please read the multi-threading section of the manual for more information.


If your particular problem was not addressed in this section, feel free to open an issue on GitHub.